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1.When Chen Long started the high jump at 7, he had no idea that 8 years later he ________ the gold medal at the Summer Youth Olympic Games.

A.won          B.had won

C.would win          D.would have won


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:当陈龙七岁开始跳高时,他不知道八年后,他会在夏季青年奥林匹克运动会上取得金牌。根据句中的“started”“had no idea that”“8 years later”可知,此处陈述从过去某个时间看将要发生的动作,应用过去将来时。故选C。

2.The newly­released China Daily Global Edition, with a new, eye­catching format, arresting photos, quality cartoons and easy­to­understand graphs, ________ on weekdays.

A.is published B.was published

C.publishes D.published


【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。句意:新推出的《中国日报国际版》采用全新且引人注目的版式、有吸引力的照片、高质量的漫画和易于理解的图表,它在工作日发行。根据句意可知,此处陈述客观事实,应用一般现在时;又The newly­released China Daily Global Edition与publish之间是被动关系,应用被动语态。故选A。

3.It is almost five years since Jimmy taught high school students and he ________ as an interpreter in a foreign enterprise.

A.served B.had served

C.is serving D.would serve


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:吉米不教高中生已经快五年了,他现在在一家外企做口译。根据句意及句中的“as an interpreter in a foreign enterprise”可知,此处描述现在正在进行的动作或状态,应用现在进行时。故选C。

4.Time magazine has chosen “The Guardians”, a group of journalists who ________ for their work, as Person of the Year, for taking great risks in pursuit of greater truths.

A.will target B.have targeted

C.will be targeted D.have been targeted


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:《时代》选择了“守卫者”作为年度风云人物,他们是一群冒很大风险追求更伟大真理的记者,他们因这种追求成了被攻击的目标。target sb./sth.“把某人/某物作为攻击目标”。主句的谓语动词是现在完成时,由此可以判断定语从句也是现在的时态,且从句的主语和谓语是被动关系,故选D。

5. A study shows a worrying tendency that the window for saving the world’s coral reefs from the effects of global warming ________.

A.was being rapidly closed

B.will be rapidly closed

C.has rapidly closed

D.is rapidly closing



6.—Your brother has a natural gift for language learning.

—True.He ________ over 1,000 words by the time he was seven.

A.mastered B.was mastering

C.has mastered D.had mastered


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:——你弟弟有一种与生俱来的学习语言的天赋。——的确,他到七岁时,已经掌握了1 000 多个单词。by the time在句中引导时间状语从句,且主句的动作在从句的动作发生之前已完成,表示“过去的过去”,故主句谓语应用过去完成时。

7.—Have you brought the photo of your family?

—Yes,I________ it the whole morning.

A.would look for B.looked for

C.have been looking for D.had looked for



8.In order to escape from being punished,they tried to hide the truth that their neglect ________ the accident.

A.would cause B.caused

C.had caused D.has caused


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:为了逃避惩罚,他们努力掩盖由于他们的疏忽导致这场事故的真相。cause发生在tried to hide之前,故用过去完成时。

9.The kids who________ for their previous tasks owed more of their failure to a lack of intelligence.

A.haven’t praised B.hadn’t praised

C.weren’t praised D.hadn’t been praised


【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。句意:那些没有因为先前的任务而受到表扬的孩子更多地把他们的失败归结为智力上的欠缺。本句的主句谓语动词是owed,定语从句中的praise所表示的动作发生在主句谓语动作之前,且praise与who(指代The kids)是动宾关系,因此用过去完成时的被动语态。

10.I ________ part in the yearly singing contest this Saturday afternoon.Would you be interested in coming?

A.am taking B.would take

C.take D.have taken


【解析】考查动词的时态。根据“this Saturday afternoon”(本周六下午)和“coming”可知,一年一度的歌唱比赛还没有开始,故用现在进行时表示将来,即“本周六下午我将参加一年一度的歌唱比赛”。

11.When things don’t go the way we ________, we find ourselves trying to force them and struggling to finish them.

A.planned B.are planning

C.had planned D.will be planning



12.Reminded that her family would move out of the familiar neighborhood,the little girl________ from head to toe the whole night.

A.has shaken B.was shaking

C.had shaken D.would shake


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:有人提醒她,她的家人将搬出熟悉的社区,小女孩整个晚上一直全身发抖。根据时间状语the whole night判断用过去进行时。故选B。

13.—I hear that you’ve been shown the new scheme.

—Oh, yes, but how to carry it out ________ at the meeting.

A.didn’t clarify B.hasn’t been clarified

C.wasn’t clarified D.hasn’t clarified


【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。句意:——我听说你已经看过新计划了。——嗯,是的,但是怎样去执行它在会议上没有被阐明。clarify和how to carry it out是被动关系,排除A、D。根据语境,此处表示过去发生的一个动作,故用一般过去时。

14.Gina seldom ________, but to my surprise, she told me a big lie yesterday.

A.lied B.lies

C.had lied D.has lied



15.Life teaches us not to regret over yesterday, for it________and is beyond our control.

A.has passed B.will pass

C.passed D.had passed



16.Mr.Smith let off upon me the speech he ________ to make all along.

A.had died B.died

C.was dying D.had been dying


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:史密斯先生向我不断练习一个他一直就渴望做的演讲。根据语境可知,be dying to make the speech的动作在let off之前发生,let off是过去的动作,故用过去完成进行时。

17.The products made by our company sell well, but only a year ago no one could have imagined the share of the markets that they ________.

A.were to occupy B.were occupying

C.had occupied D.would have occupied



18.—Isn’t it time you went to bed, Mike?

—I ________ painting all afternoon, so I have to finish my homework now.

A.was practicing B.have practiced

C.have been practicing D.had practiced


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:我整个下午都在练习绘画,所以现在我不得不完成我的作业了。根据语境可知,paint是在all afternoon这一段时间内发生,故用过去进行时。

19.—The hurricane ________ to reach the coast tomorrow morning.

—If so, we’d better make full preparations for it.

A.is predicting B.has predicted

C.is predicted D.will be predicted


【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。句意:——预计飓风明天早上到达海岸。——如果是这样的话,我们最好为此做好充分的准备。根据句意来判断,句子的主语The hurricane与谓语predict是被动的关系,而且说明的是现在的情况,所以要用一般现在时的被动语态。

20.The past two years ________ a sharp rise in oil price,which adds to the burden of auto transportation industry.

A.witnessed B.has witnessed

C.is witnessing D.witnesses



21. I’m tired out.I________ all afternoon and I don’t seem to have finished anything.

A.shopped  B.have shopped

C.had shopped  D.have been shopping



22.Whatever you have found, you should give it back to whomever it ________.

A.is belonged to  B.is belonging to

C.belonged to D.belongs to


【解析】考查主动形式表示被动意义。belong to只能用于主动语态。根据语境可知,应用一般现在时。

23.—Help me out in the kitchen and I ________ you to a cup of coffee.

—Sounds good.

A.will treat B.treat

C.am treating D.have treated



24.The audience ________ the film by the famous director the moment they saw it.

A.enjoyed B.had been enjoying

C.were enjoying D.would enjoy


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:观众们一看到这位著名导演拍摄的电影,就喜欢上它了。the moment意为“一……就……”,引导时间状语从句,从句用的是一般过去时,故主句也用一般过去时。

25.—I guess you can buy such a smart phone for 300 dollars.

—I could just two months ago, but the price ________ by 20%.

A.went up B.had gone up

C.has gone up D.goes up



26.Tom is very happy in China during this period because his Chinese ________ every day.

A.has improved  B.is improving

C.improved       D.is improved



27.—Peter! Let’s hurry.The boss is coming.

—Oh,I was afraid that we ________ her.

A.miss  B.had missed

C.will miss D.have missed



28.—How is your sister?

—She________ quite good after the operation,but she is taking a turn for the worse today.

A.felt B.feels

C.had felt D.has been feeling



29.—What’s the result of the basketball match?

—You see, the rain________it and the second half is put off till next PE class.

A.ruined B.is ruining

C.will ruin D.had ruined



30.She didn’t go to Jeremy’s party that evening as she ________ on a journey the next dawn.

A.has set out B.would set out

C.had set out D.had been setting out


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:那天晚上她没有去参加Jeremy的聚会,因为第二天黎明时她要出发去旅行。根据题干中的“the next dawn”和主句的时态可知,从句要用过去将来时表示在过去某一时间点看,将要发生的动作。故选B项。

31.—Good evening.I ________to see Miss Mary.

—Oh,good evening.I’m sorry,but she is not in.

A.came B.come

C.have come D.had come



32.—Hurry up!Alice and Sue are waiting for you at the school gate.

—Oh!I thought they ________ without me.

A.went B.are going

C.have gone D.had gone



33.—Tom is so joyful that he smiles at everyone.

—So ________ you if you get the first in the exam.

A.do B.are

C.would D.will


【解析】句意:——汤姆如此高兴以至于见人就笑。——如果你考试得了第一,你也会这样。条件状语从句(if...)若用一般现在时,则主句要用一般将来时;此句相当于:You will also be so joyful if you get the first in the exam.。

34.The football players ________ about returning to their bedrooms early but their coach rejected their request for leaving the field.

A.think B.have thought

C.were thinking D.had thought


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:这些足球运动员本想早点回到宿舍,但是他们的教练拒绝了他们离开运动场的请求。根据“but their coach rejected their request for leaving the field”可知,“运动员想早点回到宿舍”是发生在教练不让他们离开运动场之前的动作,表示“过去的过去”,所以用过去完成时。故选D。

35.Now the world’s attention ________ the stock markets,as they have a great influence on the world’s economy.

A.is fixing on  B.has fixed on

C.is being fixed on D.had been fixed on



36. They moved here in 2012.Until then they ________ in the London area.

A.lived B.have lived

C.were living D.had lived


【解析】考查动词的时态。根据第一句的时间状语“in 2012”和第二句中的“Until then”可知,live表示的动作发生在moved这个过去的动作之前,即表示“过去的过去”,要用过去完成时。

37.—Why,Jack,you look so tired!

—Well,I ________ the house and I must finish the work tomorrow.

A.was painting B.will be painting

C.have painted D.have been painting



38.I like these English songs and they ________ many times on the radio.

A.taught B.have taught

C.are taught D.have been taught


【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。根据前一分句的时态以及后一分句中many times可知此处用现在完成时;又因为动词teach与主语they之间为动宾关系,故用被动语态。

39.—Do you think he can get the first prize for jumping?

—Impossible now.He ________ to do so,but he has just hurt his leg.

A.would expect B.was expected

C.has expected D.is expected



40.To be honest, this is the second time that I ________ to London with the professor this year.

A.have been invited B.am invited

C.was invited D.had been invited


【解析】考查动词的时态。句意:老实说,这是我今年第二次被邀请和教授一起去伦敦。本题考查的是时态在it/this is/was the first/second...time that句型中的运用,当be动词是is时,从句应用现在完成时;当be动词为was时,从句用过去完成时。故本题选A项。

41.Lucy ________ writing her essay by 10:00 this morning.After that,she listened to music for a while.

A.will finish   B.finishes

C.has finished   D.had finished


【解析】句意为:Lucy今天上午10点以前写完了她的论文。之后,她听了一会儿音乐。由时间状语by 10:00 this morning可知,事情发生在“过去的过去”,故需用过去完成时,选D。

42.They must be very tired now,for they ________ in the field the whole morning.

A.worked   B.are working

C.had worked   D.have been working



43.—Are we about to have dinner?

—Yes,it ________ in the dining room.

A.serves   B.is serving

C.is being served   D.has been serving



44.—How are you today?

—Oh,I ________ as ill as I do now for a very long time.

A.didn’t feel   B.wasn’t feeling

C.haven’t felt   D.don’t feel


【解析】答句句意为:噢,我已经很长时间没有像现在这么难受了。根据句中的时间状语“for a very long time”可知,此处表示过去的状态“没这么难受”长时间地持续到了现在,故用现在完成时,故选C。


—I’m not monitor of our class.I ________ the teacher until the monitor is elected.

A.will just help   B.am just to help

C.am just helping   D.have just helped



46.I’ve finally finished my paper and it________ me an entire month.

A.was taken   B.takes

C.took   D.had taken



47.—Do you know when your mother ________ to pick you up?

—At 11:40 am.

A.had come   B.is coming

C.has come   D.would come



48.—So you saw the accident with your own eyes?

—Yes.I ________ for the bus across the street.

A.had been waiting   B.have been waiting

C.was waiting   D.would wait



49.—Have you heard from Jane recently?

—No,but I ________ her over Christmas.

A.saw   B.will be seeing

C.have seen   D.have been seeing


【解析】句意为:——你最近有简的消息吗?——没有,但我会在圣诞节期间见到她。问句时态为现在完成时,表示“从过去到目前为止有简的消息吗?”,由回答为否定可知,从过去到现在为止“我”都没有简的任何消息,由此可排除A、C、D,选将来进行时will be seeing。over Christmas=during Christmas,表示“在圣诞节期间”。

50.—In the UK,some people equate life experience with the number of stamps in their passports.

—That’s why they all agree that they ________ the “travel bug”.

A.catch   B.caught

C.have caught   D.are to catch